Where is Art Deco on Route 66?

Art Deco is centered primarily in the major cities along the route 66 path. This includes but is not limited to Chicago, Saint Louis, Tulsa, Oklahoma City, Amarillo, Albuquerque, Flagstaff, Pasadena, Los Angeles and Santa Monica California. There are also good Art Deco locations that are short side trips away from these major cities. These include such side says Oak Park Illinois, Bartlesville Oklahoma, Long Beach. And Palm Springs California.

In this post we hope to list the major Art Deco highlights for each city. We will also point you to local sources of information to better discover the Art Deco in these locations.

Route 66 Rising statue in Tulsa Oklahoma
Don Wagner Pictures: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

Route 66 History

The advent of automobile and in particular the development of Ford’s mass-produced model T in 1908 dramatically affected Americans. As automobiles became accessible to the common man, Americans began to travel across the entire nation. People were no longer restricted to the short distances that a horse could travel each day. This created a new economic engine based on exploration and travel across the country.

The road infrastructure necessary to support this endeavor had yet to be developed. By 1917 only 2% of the nations roads were paved. Most being unimproved earth with some graded and gravel. The majority of the roads were maintained and mapped by local “trail organizations” focused on promoting travel to their town. This lacked cohesion and made it difficult for long distance travelers. To travel from Chicago to Los Angeles might require 100 or more maps of dubious quality and accuracy. Just accumulating the maps needed was an overwhelming task.

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The federal government knew they had a problem. In 1921 Congress passed the Federal aid Road act requiring states to designate their primary roads and develop state highway systems. The primary roads would be designated U.S. Highways. The states organized together and formed the “American Association of Highway Officials” to coordinate interstate travel.  By 1925 in the Association of State Highway and transportation officials asked Sec. of agriculture, William Jardine, for federal supervision of the national highway system. He formed the joint board of interstate highways and appointed Paulson, Cyrus Avery, as a consulting Highway specialist. Avery was assigned to designate and map the new federal highway system.

Art Deco History

The style that is now called Art Deco was unveiled to the world at the 1925, Paris “Exposition des Arts Decoratifs et lndustriels”.  This was the formal unveiling of Art Deco art and architecture form to the world.  At the time it was simply called the “Modern Style”.  The Paris Exposition had more than 150 pavilions representing tremendous in the center of Paris, between the Eiffel Tower and the Place de la Concorde.  Many of the prominent pavilions were constructed in this new architectural style that would evolve into Art Deco.

Route 66 Path

It was Tulsan Cyrus Avery who propose the route for the first national Highway linking the East Coast to the West. Avery effectively routed Route 66 through the Southwest states of Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona to avoid the treacherous winter driving conditions utilizing pre-existing roads, like the Ozark trails, that link towns from Joplin, Missouri to Amarillo, Texas. He was responsible for numbering the road and spent his life promoting and soliciting financing for Route 66. Avery successfully argued that to avoid the high peaks of the Rocky Mountains route 66 should be diverted south through the Tulsa and Oklahoma City and onto Texas New Mexico Arizona and California.

Route 66 Illinois

Historic Route 66 traverses Illinois from Chicago’s Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River crossing into St. Louis Missouri. Chicago Illinois is the eastern terminus of Route 66. Located between the Mississippi River and the Great Lake, Illinois, has very flat topography with a great deal of good farming land. The state is known as “The Land of Lincoln”, and features Abraham Lincolns home prior to his presidency in Springfield Illinois.

Route 66 Attractions:

Some of these classic sights are listed below:

Chicago Illinois

Although New York City’s American Radiator Building is considered Americas first Art Deco skyscraper, Chicago played a significant role in the early development of Art Deco.

Chicago Art Deco Society
Address: P.O. Box 101277 Chicago, IL 60610-9998
Phone: (312)-280-9097
Contact: Joseph Loundy
Web: www.chicagoartdecosociety.com
Emailchicagoartdecosociety@yahoo.com


A great place to start getting information about Chicago Art Deco is by visiting the Chicago Art Deco Society website. They have a number of sources including a library of newsletter/ magazines that contain a wealth of information about Chicago’s Art Deco as represented in many various form including its architecture.
Chicago Architecture Center

FREE ART DECO WALKING TOUR MAP

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For information contact me at:

Don.Wagner.OK@appschannel







Each site is described by
Building Title, Address, Year Built, Deco Style & Motif               
Architects, Artists, NRIS Number, Web & Wikipedia links.  



             
Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved  
     

Chicago Architecture Center

The Chicago Architecture Center is a great place to begin discovering the Art Deco of Chicago. They have great visuals of the city city layout and provides access to various architecture associated tours including the Art Deco Skyscraper Tour.

I recommend paying for this tour since it will gain you access to see some of the buildings interiors that don’t allow unguided access.

111 E Wacker Dr, Chicago, IL 60601
www.architecture.org
+1 312-922-8687

Chicago Architecture River Cruise

In my opinion, one of the easiest ways to view the architecture of Chicago is by taking one of the architectural Chicago River boat tours. Some of the unobstructed views you get from Chicago River are absolutely astounding.

There are several Chicago Architecture River Cruises available that range from 45-90 minutes in duration. If you are specifically wanting to view as much Art Deco as possible, I recommend the longer cruises that includes the southern branch of the Chicago River.

90-Minute Chicago River Architecture Tour

Art Deco buildings on the full river tour include:
. 35 E Upper Wacker Dr
. LaSalle-Wacker Bldg
. 30 N La Salle Building
. Merchandise Mart
. Century Tower
. Civic Opera House
. Citigroup Center

Chicago Downtown Art Deco

River Cruise / River Walk Views

  • Chicago Architecture Center
  • 333 N Michigan Ave
  • Chicago Motor Club Building
  • Carbide and Carbon Building
  • 333 N Michigan Ave
  • Carbide and Carbon Building
  • LaSalle & Wacker Building
  • The Engineering Building
  • Chicago Daily News Building
  • Civic Opera Building

Art Deco Walking Tour

  • Chicago Architecture Center
  • 333 N Michigan Ave
  • Chicago Motor Club Building
  • Carbide and Carbon Building
  • 110 N Dearborn St
  • Chicago Federation of Musicians Building
  • 33 N LaSalle St.
  • 1 N LaSalle St.
  • Franklin Savings
  • W Hotel (The Midland Hotel)
  • The Field Building
  • Rookery Building
  • Chicago Board of Trade Building

Carbide & Carbon Building

The 1929, The Carbide & Carbon Building was the regional office of Union Carbide and Carbon Company.  The top of the building looks like a green and gold leaf champagne bottle. In 2001 the building was converted into the Hard Rock Hotel Chicago in 2001. 



The golden top of the Carbide & Carbon Building
Carbide and Carbon Building
Address:              230 North Michigan Avenue  
Built:                   1929
Deco Style:         Zigzag
Motif:                
Architects:          Burnham Brothers
Artists:
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:       Carbide & Carbon Building – Wikipedia
Other:    






  

Merchandise Mart

The Art Deco 1913 Merchandise Mart, Chicago Illinois
The building is a result of Marshall Field’s to have a single wholesale center large enough to distribute their good to the entire nation.

When the building opened in 1930, it was the largest building in the world. Prior to the construction of this building the river was simply an industrial refuse dump. It was Chicago’s first Art Deco commercial building.

The building hosts over 20,000 visitors a day. The building is so large that it has its own ZIP code (60654).
Merchandise Mart
Address:    222 Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago      
Built:          1930          
Deco Style:   Streamline     
Motif:                
Architects:    Alfred P. Shaw
Graham, Anderson, Probst and White

Artists: Jules Guerin‘s 
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:             Merchandise Mart – Wikipedia
Other:       Riverside Plaza

Chicago Board of Trade Building

 The building is built using gray Indiana limestone with a copper pyramid roof. The Chicago Board of Trade’s trading floor is located on the fourth floor. Atop the building is a John H. Storrs 31 ft aluminum statue of Ceres, Roman goddess of grain.  

Title Chicago Board of Trade Building
Address:    141 W. Jackson Boulevard Chicago, IL       Built:            1930         
Deco Style:   Zigzag      
Motif:                
Architects:    Holabird & Root      
Artists: Alvin Meyer, H. Storrs , John W. Norton
NRIS:              78003181[1]      
Web:                 
Wiki:             Chicago Board of Trade Building
Other:      
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Chicago Landmark

The Rookery

The Rookery’s light court, by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1905
After the Great Chicago Fire, the building was built to serve the Chicago city hall. It was one of the world’s first skyscrapers and began the architectural style known as the “Chicago School“.

In 1905, a young Frank Lloyd Wright redesign the lobby of the building in a style reminiscent of Art Deco. This included white marble with Persian-style ornamentation.

Wright maintained offices in the building from 1898–1899.

Rookery Building
Address:                
Built:                   1886, 1905 
Deco Style:   Chicago school with Art Deco Interior
Motif:                Moorish, Byzantine,
Venetian and Romanesque
Architects:         Burnham & Root
Frank Lloyd Wright (1905)
William Drummond
Artists:
NRIS:                  70000238   
Web:                 
Wiki:             Rookery Building – Wikipedia
Other:    
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Chicago Landmark  

Oak Park Illinois

While in Chicago you should consider making a slight road trip to Oak Park, the home of Frank Lloyd Wright. Oak Park, a village of about 20,000, just 20 miles west of Chicago. It is home to Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio which is now a museum and information center about Americas most famous architect. Wright’s previous home is owned by and managed by the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.

Prairie Style of Architecture

Frank Lloyd Wright is famous for developing the “Prairie Style” of architecture from his Oak Park studio.

Wright houses in the neighborhood

The neighborhood south of the Wright house is full of homes designed by him. You can get a free map at homes gift shop or take one of the guided tours for a small fee. Two houses in the neighborhood, the Thomas House and Willits House are recognized as the initial examples of the style.

Home of Frank Lloyd Wright.
Address:                
Built:             1889, 1898        
Deco Style:        
Motif:                
Architects:         Frank Lloyd Wright
Artists: Catherine Wright
NRIS:                    
Web:                 cal.flwright.org
Oak Park Home & Studio
Wiki:              Frank Lloyd Wright – Wikipedia
Other:       National Historic Landmark







 

Oak Park is also home to the Frank Lloyd Wright designed the Unity Temple (1905)

Route 66 Missouri

Crossing the Mississippi River into Missouri brings you into St. Louis with its world famous “Gateway Arch”. Attorney John Thomas Woodruff, was an early promoter for Route 66 and coined “The crossroads of America” phrase for Springfield MO.

Route 66 Attractions

  • Indian Harvest Trading Post Teepees (St. Clair MO)
  • The World’s (second) Largest Rocking Chair (Fanning MO)
  • Giant Bowling Pin (Buckhorn MO)
  • Giant Route 66 Sign, St. Louis MO
  • Gateway Arch, St. Louis MO
  • Route 66 State Park, Times Beach MO
  • Meramec Caverns Barn sign, St. Clair MO
  • Indian Harvest Trading Post St. Clair MO
  • Meramec State Park, Sullivan MO
  • Route 66 Cuba Murals, Cuba MO
  • Hillbilly Sign, Rolla MO
  • Giant Bowling Pin, Buckhorn MO
  • Replica of Hubble Space Telescope, Marshfield MO
  • Birthplace of Route 66, Springfield MO


Saint Louis Missouri

St. LouisMissouri is known for its famous Gateway Arch, but has a great deal of other architecture to investigate. The cities architectural influences traditional as well as modern architectural styles like Art Deco.




Saint Louis Gateway Arch

Art Deco in Saint Louis

The 1904, Saint Louis World’s Fair promoted and developed the Forest Park region of the city. This included the Holy Corners Historic District, which is a concentration of several historic religious structures, such as the First Church of Christ, Scientist (1904).

Wainwright Tomb

The tomb domed cubic tomb has concrete walls of covered by limestone. It is decorated with a leafed bronze grill and double doors. Be sure to check out the window on the sides of the tomb that are covered by bronze grills. This considered one of Louis Sullivan’s architectural masterpieces.

Wainwright Tomb
Address:      4947 W. Florissant Ave. St. Louis MO
Built:                   1892,1944 
Deco Style:         Art Modern
Motif:                Tomb
Architects:         Louis Sullivan
Artists:
NRIS:                  70000907  
Web:                 
Wiki:        Wainwright Tomb  
Other:  
Wainwright Tomb at Bellefontaine Cemetery
in Saint Louis Missouri

Continental-Life Building

Continental-Life Building
Address:     3615 Olive St., St. Louis, Missouri
Built:               1930      
Deco Style:     Zigzag
Motif:             Skyscraper 
Architects:      William B. Ittner    
Artists:
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:            
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continental_Life_Building
Other:   

In downtown Saint Louis, the Continental Life Building, provides an excellent example of Zigzag style of Art Deco.

Notice the strong vertical accent emphasized by its building high pilasters.

Atop the building is a pyramid created from ornate deco styled and stepped pilaster vertical ledges.


Forest Park Jewel Box

Forest Park is a great place to visit and view some great Saint Louis Architecture that includes the:

Police Stations

The nine police precincts built by the City of St. Louis epitomize the beauty of Art-Deco, such as the former police station seen below in Hyde Park or the former Forest Park Station seen to the right.















Art Deco Chase-Park Plaza Hotel in St. Louis MO.
The Chase Park Plaza
Address:             212 N. Kings Highway Blvd
Built:                    1922
Deco Style:         Zigzag
Motif:                  Neo Renaissance
Architects:          Preston J. Bradshaw
Artists:
NRIS:                    00000147
Web:                 
Wiki:          Chase Park Plaza Hotel
Other:  

Jewel Box

    
Jewel Box Art Deco greenhouse in Forest Park
Jewel Box
Address:             Forest Park, St. Louis, MO
Built:                    1936
Deco Style:         WPA
Motif:                
Architects:           William C. E. Becker
Artists:
NRIS:                    00000147
Web:                 
Wiki:              Jewel Box (St. Louis)
Other:  
also known as the St. Louis Floral Conservatory    

Route 66 Kansas & Oklahoma

Oklahoma has two major cities with major concentrations of Art Deco architecture. Tulsa is one of the top Art Deco architecture destinations in the country. Oklahoma City has significant Art Deco sites to visit. Downtown’s Sapulpa also has a great deal of the Deco architecture. Other cities like Bartlesville and Norman Oklahoma are only a short diversion from Route 66 and have considerable Art Deco.

Route 66 Attractions

Tulsa Oklahoma

The tremendous growth of Tulsa from 1920 to 1930 was fueled by its passion to be know internationally as the “Oil Capital of  World”.  To exhibit it’s success it built extravagant buildings featuring the Art Deco designs.  It was a  popular modern style that reflected Tulsa’s spirit and the energy. Tulsa is one of the nation’s top Art Deco destinations having a wealth of Art Deco treasures. 


Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved














The Don Wagner book “Tulsa Art Deco Experience” takes you on five visual tours of Tulsa’s best Art Deco.  We cover Zigzag, PWA, Streamline, Modern and Retro Deco styles. 
















Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserv

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Tulsa Art Deco Information Sources


Tulsa Historical Society
Address: 2445 South Peoria Tulsa, OK 74114
Phone : (918) 712-9484
Web : www.tulsahistory.org
Email :   ballrexm@aol.com


The Art Deco Society of Tulsa
Address: 607 S Boston Ave. Tulsa, OK 74119
Contact: William A Franklin
Phone: 918-406-7718
Web: www.decopolis.net
Email: contactus@DECOPOLIS.net 

WWWARTDECO-USA.COM



To discover more about Oklahoma’s Route 66 and Route 66 Art Deco.

Contact us at:

Address: 3701-A S. Harvard #321 Tulsa, OK 74135
Web: www.artdeco-usa.com
Email:   Don.Wagner.OK@appschannel
Art Deco Towers on Interstate I-44 in Tulsa Oklahoma: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

Tulsa Downtown Art Deco Walking Tour

Tulsa has a great 2-hour downtown Art Deco tour that walk and view some great 1920s architecture.

TULSA ART DECO WALKING TOUR
Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

Tulsa Art Deco Museum

At the east end of the Philcade building’s lobby is the Tulsa Art Deco Museum.  The museum displays deco artifacts and sells books, art and other Art Deco items. Window displays of various art deco objects are displayed through the north-south lobby hallway. The lobby has Deco Styled Elevators. All these features have made the Philcade one of Tulsa’s top art deco building interiors to visit.

Copyright 2021, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
Tulsa Art Deco Museum: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

Tulsa Route 66 Art Deco

Tulsa Warehouse / Farmers Market

Tulsa Warehouse / Farmers Market: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
Warehouse / Farmers Market
Address:              925 S. Elgin Avenue
Built:                   1929
Deco Style:         Zigzag
Motif:                
Architects:          B. Gaylord Noftsger
Artists:                                          
NRIS:                    
Web:  
Wiki:                

  
The old Farmers market is a one-story building with a unique terra cotta adorned tower. The “Farmers Market” was built in 1929 next to the railroad tracks and served as a major grocery’s provider until the Great Depression.   

It later became Club Lido and hosted famous musicians like Cab Calloway and Duke Ellington. 
 
 
 

Boston Avenue Methodist Church

The Boston Avenue Methodist Church design was the collaboration of Adah Robinson, a Tulsa Central High School art teacher, and her former student, architect Bruce Goff.  Robinson studied the history and traditions of the Methodist faith for a year in advance of developing the church design.  Her initial design sketches expanded by Goff into working, structural sound plans.

Boston Avenue Methodist Church
Address
:              1301 South Boston Avenue
Built:                     1929
Deco Style:         Zigzag
Motif:                 Gothic / Ecclesiastical
Architects:          Bruce Goff, Adah Robinson 
Artists:               Adah Robinson,  
                        Robert Garrison,
                        Angelo Gherardi, 
                        Richard Bohm
NRIS:                     78002270 , 1978
Web:                  http://www.bostonavenue.org/
Wiki:              
Boston Avenue Methodist Church – Wikipedia
Other:                 National Historic Landmark, 1999







Boston Avenue Methodist Church on Route 66 in Tulsa Oklahoma: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
West exterior at Tulsa Boston Avenue Methodist.
West facade at Boston Avenue Methodist Church: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

Tulsa Fairgrounds Pavilion

Tulsa Art Deco Fairgrounds Pavillion: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
Fairgrounds Pavillion
Address:              Expo Square 21st & Jamestown
Built:                   1932
Deco Style:         WPA/PWA
Motif:                 Streamline, Art Modern
Architects:          Leland I. Shumway
Artists:                                          
NRIS:                    
Web:  
Wiki:                
Built in 1932, the Fair Grounds Pavilion is a PWA styled building. The exterior of the building is extraordinarily decorative with gold brick and color coordinated terra cotta ornamentation. 
 
It is unusual for a building built in this time period to be so ornamental. 
 
             

Tulsa Fire Alarm Building

Tulsa Fire Alarm Building: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
Fire Alarm Building
Address:             1010 E. 8th Street
Built:                   1930
Deco Style:         WPA/PWA
Motif:                
Architects:          Frederick V. Kershner
Artists:                                          
NRIS:                  03000879 
Web:  
Wiki:                
          The Fire Alarm building was built to centralize the fire alarm systems for all of Tulsa.  Alarms came into this building and operators dispatched firemen from various parts of the city as needed. 

The exterior of the building has a great deal of terra cotta decoration.  The building was used by the fire department until 1984.
                
         
 

Tulsa Art Deco Fire Alarm Building:
Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
Terra Cotta panel above the front door:
Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

  

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

The Art Deco style of architecture is an integral part of the Oklahoma City landscape.  Art Deco was a design style most popular from 1925 until the 1940’s. During the 1930’s, Oklahoma City was a vibrant town with a strong economy based on Oil and Cattle.  During the 1920’s Oklahoma City had developed into an important  commercial city due to a railway hub and several large meat packing plants. In December of 1928, oil was discovered leading to an Oil boom providing the capital needed for expansion and development even though most of the country was going through a severe depression.

Oklahoma City has an extraordinary number of Art Deco buildings for the size of the city. We   display here just a few of these underappreciated architectural works located in the city.

Art Deco First National Building, Downtown Oklahoma City OK: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
Will Rogers Event Center
Address:             4322 N Western Ave.   
Built:                   1945  
Deco Style:         Streamline / Modern
Motif:                 Western
Architects:         
Artists:
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:            
Other:      
Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

CITIZENS BANK TOWER

Citizens Bank Tower
Address:             2200 N Classen Blvd, OKC, OK
Built:                  1966   
Deco Style:        Zigzag
Motif:                Frank LLoyd Wright
Architects:         ROBERT ROLOFF
Artists:
NRIS:                 #09000978
Web:                 
Wiki:             The Classen – Wikipedia
Other:   Now (The Classen)
 

The Citizens Bank Tower. Now called the Classen, is a 21-floor residential tower overlooking Oklahoma City’s Asia District. 

The hexagonal building is , slender and very vertically oriented in the traditional Zigzag Art Deco design style.

The buildings architect, Robert Roloff, built the skyscraper to represent what the Frank LLoyd Wright style would look like as a skyscraper.

The building was somewhat a tribute to Wright’s Price Tower in Bartlesville Oklahoma.

Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved








Geodesic Gold Dome

Gold Geodesic Dome, 1112 NW 23rd St. on Route 66 in Oklahoma City: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
 
The Geodesic Dome was originally home to Citizens Bank was the fifth geodesic dome constructed in the world.  It is the only Geodesic dome in the state used for commercial purposes.    625 panels span a diameter of 145 ft to create a 27,000 square foot interior.

The geodesic dome design is a creation of the famous futurist architect Buckminster Fuller. This building was the fifth ever

Geodesic Gold Dome
Address:         1112 NW 23rd St, OKC OK
Built:               1958     
Deco Style:      Googie  
Motif:               Modern Movement,
Geodesic Dome 
Architects:       Bailey, Bozalis, Dickenson & Roloff  
Artists:
NRIS:              (#03000875
Web:                 
Wiki:             Gold Dome – Wikipedia
Other:      

Taft Middle School

Taft Middle School: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

Taft Middle School is fine example of zigzag art deco utilizing decorative frieze designs extensively over the first-floor windows.  Each window mantle depicts a different aspect of education. The tower emphasizes the vertical nature of the building, typically associated with the zigzag style.

   Taft Middle School
Address:       290 NW 23rd, OKC OK          
Built:            1925-1949  
Deco Style:    Zigzag      
Motif:                
Architects:      Layton, Hicks & Forsytg    
Artists:
NRIS:              07000515                   
Web:                 
Wiki:            
Other:   

Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved   

Founders Building

United Founders Life Tower
Address:         5900 Mosteller Dr. OKC, OK       
Built:              1964      
Deco Style:    Googie  
Motif:            Zigzag   
Architects:     Robert Alan Bowlby    
Artists:
NRIS:             13000076 
Web:                 
Wiki:             Founders Tower OKC Wikipedia
Other:   
  


















 

Route 66 Texas

The only major city on Route 66 in Texas is Amarillo although you can discover gems like Shamrock Texas’ Tower Station and U-Drop In.



Route 66 Attractions

Pueblo Deco

Pueblo Deco is a distinctively American architecture and design style that combines the elements of the Pueblo Revival, Native American Art, and Art Deco design styles. The Pueblo Deco style is most commonly associated with America’s Southwest region. It can be found throughout Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The style is especially prevalent in the states of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona where the Native American influence is expressed it the architecture.

Pueblo Deco Tower Station on Route 66 in Shamrock Texas: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

Amarillo Texas

Potter County Courthouse

text

Potter County Courthouse
Address:        500 S. Fillmore, Amarillo, Texas        
Built:              1922      
Deco Style:      Zigzag  
Motif:             Prairie School   
Architects:     Townes, Lightfoot & Funk;
Charles Lambie
Artists:
NRIS:             96000938[1]       
Web:                 
Wiki:            
Other:     Texas Historical Marker 40964097
Potter County Courthouse

S.H. Kress Building
Address:              700 S Polk St. Amarillo Texas  
Built:                   1931,2009
Deco Style:         Retro
Motif:                 Pueblo Deco
Architects:          Edward F. Sibbert
Artists:
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:             S. H. Kress & Co. – Wikipedia
Other:      
This original Kress Company store was designed by Edward F. Sibbert in 1931. The store closed in 1974 but was refurbished and turned into Center City Furniture.

Sibbert’s designed buildings featured sleek buff highlighted with lavish terracotta ornamentation with strong verticality supporting a bright “Kress” sign.

Paramount Theatre

Paramount Theatre
Address
:             817 S Polk St, Amarillo, TX 79101   
Built:                  1932  
Deco Style:        Pueblo Deco
Motif:                
Architects:         W. Scott Dunne
Artists:
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:            
Other:      




The Paramount Theatre, opened in 1932 as Amarillo was in the middle of the Depression.
leaving its mark on Amarillo,

The Paramount Theatre was Amarillo’s was a premier theatre for decades. It became a victim of suburban expansion and the popularity of the newer multi-screen complexes in the subburbs. It closed in 1975 and was converted to office space.

Pueblo Deco exterior is beautiful. If you can, view the second level of the parking garage that was used for the old auditorium. The painted starburst ceiling is still intact. as is golden plasterwork that framed the top of the stage.

Route 66 New Mexico

Route 66 has two distinct cities along Route 66. In addition to Albuquerque the route also detoured northward to Santa Fe. Albuquerque follows Route 66 along the I-40 interstate highway and has a greater amount of Art Deco architecture. Santa Fe is a more historically significant town that definitely is a great place to visit.

Route 66 Attractions

Albuquerque New Mexico

Albuquerque Route 66 Pueblo Deco styled road overpass. Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

KiMo Theater

The Pueblo Art Deco KiMo Theater in Albuquerque New Mexico

One of Albuquerque’s best-known landmarks, the KiMo Theatre one of the nation’s premier Pueblo Deco examples. Located on Historic Route 66 (Central Avenue), in downtown Albuquerque, it is one of the city’s best-known landmarks.

It blends the adobe style of rounded corners and edges with, decorative motifs from indigenous Native American cultures of the American Southwest. It also has vertical lines and linear repetition typical in Art Deco architecture.

KiMo Theater
Address:             423 Central Avenue NW   
Built:                  1927  
Deco Style:        Pueblo Deco
Motif:                
Architects:         Boller Brothers; Carl Boller
Artists:
NRIS:                 77000920
Web:                 
Wiki:             KiMo Theater – Wikipedia
Other:      

Maisel’s Indian Jewelry Store

Maisel’s Indian Jewelry Store, Wright’s Trading Post, is a small building with a recessed entry. The owners of this Pueblo Deco building actually employs Pueblo and Navajo Native America artists to generate goods sold in the store. The buildings architect, John Gaw Meem, is one of the earliest and leading proponent of the Pueblo Revival style of architecture. The facade and foyer’s mural were designed by prominent artist of the 1930s Olive Rush and depicts aspects of Native American ceremonies.


Maisel’s Indian Jewelry
Address:              510 Central Ave SW   
Built:                   1937 
Deco Style:         Pueblo Deco
Motif:                 Native American
Architects:          John Gaw Meem
Artists: Olive Rush, Pablita Velarde,
Ben Quintana, Pop Chalee,
Harrison Begay
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:            
Other:      

Pueblo Deco Maisel’s Indian Jewelry, Albuquerque NM: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved

El Rancho Hotel

The El Rancho Hotel opened in 1936, as a movies housing establishment. The owner, R.E. “Griff” Griffith, was the brother of D.W. Griffith ,who produced and directed Western films. The area around Gallup was popular filming location. The hotel was built for the actors and crews of those films. The Hotels staff were hired and trained by the famous  Fred Harvey Company. The hotel is situated on Historic Route 66.

El Rancho Hotel
Address:   100 E. 66th Ave., Gallup NM
Built:              1936       
Deco Style:      Pueblo Deco  
Motif:              Rustic American Western
Architects:      Joe Massagalia   
Artists:
NRIS:               87002222     
Web:                 
Wiki:             El Rancho Hotel & Motel – Wikipedia
Other:       NMSRCP No. 1190





Movies that headquartered at the El Ranch Hotel
The Bad Man 1940
Sundown 1941
The Desert Song 1942
Song of the Nile 1944
Four Faces West & Colorado Territory 1947-1948
Streets of Laredo 1948
Rocky Mountain 1950
Ace in the Hole (1951 film) 1951 (AKA The Big Carnival)
New Mexico 1950
Fort Defiance 1950
Raton Pass 1951
Fort Massacre 1957
A Distant Trumpet 1963
The Hallelujah Trail 1964
Bottom of the World 2017

Route 66 Arizona

Route 66 runs along the northern part of Arizona which contains on major cities with large populations. Most of the Arizona Art Deco architecture is located in the more populated areaof the state likePheonix and Tuscon.

Keep your eyes open and you view some good art deco examples along Route 66.

Route 66 Attractions

Flagstaff Arizona

Federal Building
Address:              114 San Francisco St., Flagstaff AZ 
Built:                    
Deco Style:         Art Modern
Motif:                
Architects:         
Artists:
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:            
Other:      

Grand Canyon National Park

Mary Jane Colter

Probably no one is more responsible for the development of the Pueblo Deco style than architect Mary Jane Colter. She was the Chief Architect & Designer for the Harvey House restaurant and hotel chain.

She is best known for her buildings at the Grand Canyon National Park. The famous Watchtower and Hermit’s resort are two of 11 Eleven buildings of hers that are included on the National Register of Historic Places.

Architect Mary Jane Colter

Colter’s designs were influenced by the ancient ruins of Americas Southwest region. She studied existing structures of an area including their ruins and then incorporated their natural beauty into her architecture and interior designs.

The Pueblo Art Deco Hopi House in the Grand Canyon National Park north of Flagstaff Arizona

Route 66 California

California is a vast state with an abundance of Art Deco Architecture. Los Angeles is is the largest city with a great number of Art Deco treasures.

The most prominent cities to view Art Deco along Route 66 include San Bernadino, Pasadena, Los Angeles, Hollywood / Beverly Hills and Santa Monica California.

Route 66 Attractions

San Bernadino California Theater

California Theater of San Bernardino: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
This magnificent performing arts theater was the site of Will Rogers last performance, just prior to his death in 1935 from a plane crash.

The theater was used by several movie produces to test-run movies prior to their release. This theater was the test grounds for “The Wizard of Oz” and “King Kong“.

The theater has been the home of the San Bernardino Symphony since 1929.

California Theater of San Bernardino
Address:             562 W. 4th St. San Bernardino, CA
Built:                   1928
Deco Style:         Pueblo Deco
Motif:                 Spanish Baroque
Architects:          Perrine, John Paxton
Artists:
NRIS:                   09001116[1] 
Web:                  www.californiatheatre.net
Wiki:             https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Theatre_(San_Bernardino)
Other:      

Pasadena California

Photo by David Wakely – Architectural Resources Group, CC BY-SA 2.5

The Pasadena City Hall is a grand example of the Pueblo Deco style that mixes the Mediterranean Revival
and  Spanish Colonial Revival Styles to create beautiful building and courtyard.

Pasadena City Hall
Address:          100 Garfield Ave, Pasadena, CA      
Built:                  1927
Deco Style:         Pueblo Deco
Motif:                 Mediterranean Revival
 Spanish Colonial Revival Style
Architects:      Bakewell and Brown 
Artists:
NRIS:                     #80000813.
Web:                 
Wiki:            Pasadena City Hall – Wikipedia
Other:    






Colorado Street Bridge

Colorado Street Bridge
Address:       Colorado St. & the Arroyo Seco       
Built:                 1912   
Deco Style:        Zigzag
Motif:                Beaux Arts
Architects:         Waddell & Harrington
Artists:
NRIS:                  81000156  
Web:                 
Wiki:            
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Street_Bridge_(Pasadena,_California)

Other:      

Arroyo Seco Parkway Tunnels

Arroyo Seco means “dry gulch” in Spanish. In 1895-1897 the Arroyo Seco route was developed as a scenic bicycle trail. Due to the development and use of the automobile as the primary trasportation method the Arroyo Seco Parkway was conceived to provide a fast road connection bdtween Passadea and Los Angeles while retaining a beautiful setting to drive through.

Four Art Deco styled tunnels were built through the hills to connect the area from Solano Avenue and the river to Riverside Drive.

Arroyo Seco Parkway
Address:     Pasadena to Los Angeles             
Built:              1931- 1936, 1940      
Deco Style:     Art Modern   
Motif:                
Architects:     Lloyd Aldrich     
Artists:
NRIS:          10001198           
Web:                 
Wiki:          Arroyo Seco Parkway – Wikipedia  
Other:      North end Glenarm Street in Pasadena

Los Angeles California

Art Deco Society of Los Angeles

Art Deco Society of Los Angeles
Address: P.O. Box 972 Hollywood, CA 90078
Phone: (310) 659- DECO (3326)
Contact: Joseph Loundy
Web: www.adsla.org
Email:  ArtDecoLA@sbcglobal.net

The Art Deco Society of Los Angeles provides a good place to find out about Art Deco in the LA area.

Another good way to view some of the Art Deco is by taking one of the many bus, van and downtown walking tours available.

Hollywood / Beverly Hills

Los Angeles California Mormon Temple

Los Angeles California Temple: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved
The Los Angeles California Temple is a Mormon, (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), sanctuary that sit like a fortress on a hill. The Modernist, Pueblo Deco building appears gothic and Mayan style.

The building second-largest temple operated by the Mormon church and is only open to church members.

The building does have a visitor center.

Los Angeles California Mormon Temple
Address:      10777 Santa Monica Blvd,
Los Angeles, CA 90025          
Built:                    1956
Deco Style:         Pueblo Deco
Motif:                 Mayan 
Architects:          Edward O. Anderson
Artists: Millard F. Malin
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:             https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_California_Temple
Other:      
https://churchofjesuschristtemples.org/los-angeles-california-temple/
Beverly Hills City Hall: Copyright 2022, Don Wagner Family Foundation, All Rights Reserved Beverly Hills City Hall / Police Dept.
Address:             455 North Rexford Drive  
Beverly Hills CA
Built:                  1932, 1982; 2008 
Deco Style:        Pueblo Deco
Motif:                Spanish Revival 
Architects:       William J. GageHarry G. Koerner  
Artists:
NRIS:                    
Web:                 
Wiki:             Beverly Hills City Hall – Wikipedia
Other:    
http://www.beverlyhillshistoricalsociety.org/history/ 

 

Santa Monica California

Santa Monica is the west end of Route 66 and has a great deal of Art Deco view.

Georgian Hotel in Santa Monica
Address:     1415 Ocean Ave. Santa Monica, CA         
Built:          1931,1933        
Deco Style:   Art Modern     
Motif:           California Beach
Architects:    Eugene Durfee   
Artists:
NRIS:                    
Web:      www.georgianhotel.com
Wiki:   
Other: 
List of City of Santa Monica Designated Historic Landmarks – Wikipedia                
         



The Georgian Hotel is a glamour boutique hotel built during prohibition which one of Los Angeles’ first celebrity speakeasies. The Georgian provides spectacular ocean sunsets over Santa Monica Bay. The Georgian Hotel has a seaside Art Deco Style which is not exactly like the Miami South Beach style. This style mixes elements of Romanesque Revival and Chicago School tripartite design with Art Deco ornamentation.

Summary

The time period in which Route 66 was being developed coincided with the introduction and popularization of Art Deco Architecture in the United States of America. Cities like Chicago, Saint Louis, Tulsa, Oklahoma City, Amarillo, Albuquerque, and the Beverly Hills/ Los Angeles area are all good places to explore for Art Deco architecture. In following posts, we will explore in detail the Art Deco architecture in each of these cities.

Great Art Deco Coffee Table Books

Don Wagner Books
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Don Wagner Pictures
The pictures marked:
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